Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Children

This study included 55 pediatric patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) admitted between 2000 and 2007 to 2 hospitals in Boston.

Skin reactions to drugs (click to enlarge the image).


Drugs were identified as the most likely etiologic agent in 53% of children:

- antiepileptic drugs were the most common agents
- sulfonamide antibiotics
- chemotherapy drugs

Acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection was confirmed in 22% children, and herpes simplex virus was confirmed in 9% of children (9%).


Treatment included:

- systemic antimicrobial agents (67%)
- systemic corticosteroids (40%)
- antiviral drugs (31%)

Intravenous immunoglobulin was administered to 38% of children.


18 of children had recurrence of SJS up to 7 years after the index episode.

Half of affected children suffered long-term complications - 47% of children suffered long-term sequelae that mostly involved the skin and eyes.


Recurrence and Outcomes of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Children. PEDIATRICS Vol. 128 No. 4 October 1, 2011, pp. 723 -728, (doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-3322).

The Current Understanding of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis. Medscape, 2011.

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