"Local allergic rhinitis" is a new phenotype of rhinitis that may affect individuals previously diagnosed with nonallergic rhinitis.
Several studies have shown the existence of local allergic rhinitis with nasal production of specific IgE (sIgE) antibodies in the absence of atopy in over 40% of nonallergic rhinitis patients.
Evidence for this entity is supported by:
- local production of sIgE
- leukocyte-lymphocyte inflammatory pattern, with an increase in the nasal fluids of eosinophils, mast cells and T lymphocytes during natural exposure to aeroallergens
- positive nasal allergen provocation test with local production of tryptase and eosinophil cationic protein and an increase of nasal sIgE to inhalant allergens
An advanced diagnostic approach is proposed in patients with symptoms suggestive of allergic rhinitis but negative results in skin prick test and serum sIgE.
This diagnostic approach to local allergic rhinitis includes:
- detection of local sIgE in nasal secretions during natural exposure to aeorallergens
- positive nasal allergen provocation test with local production of tryptase, eosinophil cationic protein and sIgE
Local allergic rhinitis: a new entity, characterization and further studies. Rondon, Carmen, Canto, Gabriela, Blanca, Miguel. Current Opinion in Allergy & Clinical Immunology. 10(1):1-7, February 2010.