IL-33 is a new marker of severe and refractory asthma

IL-33 is a new member of the IL-1 cytokine family that promotes Th2 inflammation.


Video: Interleukin-1 binding to its receptor on a cell surface, created from structural data.

Endobronchial biopsies were obtained from adults with mild, moderate, and severe asthma, and from control subjects.

Higher levels of IL-33 transcripts were detected in biopsies from asthmatic compared with control subjects, and especially in subjects with severe asthma.

Airway smooth muscle cells (ASMC) are a source of the IL-33 cytokine and show IL-33 expression at both protein and mRNA levels.

TNF-alpha up-regulates IL-33 in a dose-dependent manner. Dexamethasone fails to abolish TNF-alpha-induced IL-33 up-regulation. IFN-gamma also increases IL-33.

IL-33 appears to be a novel inflammatory marker of severe and refractory asthma.



Severe asthma - differential diagnosis and management (click to enlarge the image).

References:

Increased expression of IL-33 in severe asthma: evidence of expression by airway smooth muscle cells. Préfontaine D, Lajoie-Kadoch S, Foley S, Audusseau S, Olivenstein R, Halayko AJ, Lemière C, Martin JG, Hamid Q. J Immunol. 2009 Oct 15;183(8):5094-103.
Interleukin 33 (IL-33)
IL-33 and its receptor ST2 play important roles in allergic rhinitis http://goo.gl/xYCga
IL-33/ST2 pathway may provide new therapeutic targets for allergic rhinitis and asthma http://goo.gl/3utyB

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